Pescadores | Fishermen, 1950. Oil on canvas | óleo sobre lienzo, 24.3 ✕ 30.″ Col. Silvia & Emilio M. Ortiz © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez

波士顿大学麦克马伦艺术博物馆将举办古巴现代派画家马里亚诺的美国首个大型展览Rodríguez (1912-90). This retrospective features more than 140 oil paintings, watercolors, and drawings, 包括来自艺术家遗产的作品,这是前所未有的难得, if ever, 看到的作品和档案,以及来自领先的博物馆和私人收藏.

Mariano: Variations on a Theme | Variaciones sobre un tema will be on display through December 5, 2021, in the McMullen Museum’s Daley Family and Monan Galleries.

[BC社区成员将收到来自McMullen博物馆的电子邮件邀请,参加周日由策展人主持的Zoom讲座, September 12, at noon. The museum itself will be open from noon until 5 p.m. ]

Educando |教育,1938年布面油画| óleo清醒的连佐,22岁.8 ✕ 21.1″ private collection | colección privada, | cortesía de Cernuda Arte©Fundación Mariano Rodríguez

Educando |教育,1938年布面油画| óleo清醒的连佐,22岁.8 ✕ 21.1″ private collection | colección privada, | cortesía de Cernuda Arte©Fundación Mariano Rodríguez .

马里亚诺对古巴革命的忠诚使他的作品在美国的展示主要局限于1959年之前的作品, when he was a member of the Cuban avant-garde.

This exhibition widely expands the artist’s known corpus, 展示了他对“古巴”——古巴表现的精髓——的奉献,以及他从世界其他地方不断发展的风格兴趣,使他重新定位为具有普遍影响的画家.

“麦克马伦博物馆非常感谢Fundación Mariano Rodríguez与亚盈体育合作,在美国首次举办古巴杰出艺术家Mariano Rodríguez作品回顾展,” said Nancy Netzer, inaugural Robert L. and Judith T. 温斯顿,麦克马伦博物馆馆长,亚盈体育艺术史教授.

“Mariano: Variations on a Theme | Variaciones sobre un tema 继续McMullen的拉丁美洲艺术计划,从跨学科和全球的角度审视这个地区的艺术家," she said, 自2004年以来,这家公司一直在组织罗伯托·马塔的展览, Wifredo Lam, Rafael Soriano, and Esteban Lisa.

Mujer con gallo (Mujer y gallo) |女人与公鸡, 1941 oil on canvas | óleo sobre lienzo, 32 ✕ 26″ Col. Nercys & Ramón Cernuda © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez

Mujer con gallo (Mujer y gallo) |女人与公鸡, 1941 oil on canvas | óleo sobre lienzo, 32 ✕ 26″ Col. Nercys & Ramón Cernuda © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez.

Variations on a Theme | Variaciones sobre un tema 标志着马里亚诺与北美艺术世界和学术环境的伟大重逢,” according to Dolores and Alejandro Rodríguez, Mariano Rodríguez的孩子和Fundación Mariano Rodríguez的联合主席, which collaborated on the exhibition. 马里亚诺的继承人向麦克马伦团队致以永恒的感谢.” 

马里亚诺的职业生涯跨越了20世纪的60年,几乎是古巴现代主义的持续时间.

1936年,他离开古巴前往墨西哥,跟随画家Manuel Rodríguez Lozano学习,开始了他的流浪生活. Mariano belonged to the second generation of Cuban modernists, 是谁首先试图与墨西哥结盟,然后又采用了古巴民族身份的主题.

盖洛(El Gallo) |公鸡,1941年布面油画| óleo清醒的连佐,29岁.3 ✕ 25.1″ Museum of Modern Art, New York, | Regalo de la Comisión Cubana de Cooperación intellectual的礼物, 30.1942 © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez

盖洛(El Gallo) |公鸡,1941年布面油画| óleo清醒的连佐,29岁.3 ✕ 25.1″ Museum of Modern Art, New York, | Regalo de la Comisión Cubana de Cooperación intellectual的礼物, 30.1942 © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez.

Mariano’s Cuban iconography focused on el gallo (the rooster), but he also embraced leitmotifs that included peasants, fruit, vegetation, and marine subjects. In exploring these national themes, Mariano forged distinctive styles that incorporated, in turn, geometric abstraction, abstract expressionism, figuration, and grotesque imagery. Through the grotesque he demonstrated virtuosity in hybridity, signaling a new postmodern orientation. 将古巴现代主义的范围与美洲和欧洲的美学运动联系起来,是理解古巴艺术家在岛上创造民族艺术身份的追求的基础, according to organizers.

Exhibition sections include: Mexico: The First Stage, 1930s; The School of Paris  in New York City, 1940s; New York’s Non-Objective Art, 1950s; The Black  Paintings and the Grotesque, 1960s; and Cuba: The Sensual and the
Idealistic, 1960s­–80s.

Lenders to the exhibition are the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Fundación Mariano Rodríguez, Madrid; Cernuda Arte, Miami; Latin Art Core Gallery, Miami; Pan American Art Gallery, Miami;, and many national and international private collectors, including: Ramón and Nercys Cernuda, Silvia and Emilio M. Ortiz, and Isaac and Betty Rudman.

Elizabeth Thompson Goizueta, 他是拉丁美洲艺术和西班牙研究专家,任教于亚盈体育, serves as the exhibition curator.

作为一名研究拉丁美洲和伊比利亚艺术,文学和 我很高兴能策划这次古巴马里亚诺回顾展 Rodríguez at the McMullen Museum of Art,” she said. “The extensive 二十世纪古巴现代派的天才有继续发扬的理由 这次展览标志着该系列的第三次 McMullen following Wifredo Lam and Rafael Soriano. As historically 边缘艺术家开始受到西方现代主义的关注 佳能,这些刚性边界的扩张是由于包容性 dialogue. Through a  bilingual catalogue and didactics, the McMullen Museum hopes to bring Mariano’s work to the broadest community possible.”

Mangos | Mangoes, 1967布面油画| óleo sobre lienzo, 58✕50″Col. Grier Family | Familia Grier © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez

Mangos | Mangoes, 1967布面油画| óleo sobre lienzo, 58✕50″Col. Grier Family | Familia Grier © Fundación Mariano Rodríguez.

汤普森·戈伊苏埃塔(Thompson Goizueta)编辑并贡献了随附的目录,其中包括亚历杭德罗·德·拉·富恩特(Alejandro de la Fuente)的文章, professor of Latin American  history at Harvard University, and Roberto Cobas Amate, 哈瓦那国立贝拉艺术博物馆(Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes)的古巴前卫藏品馆长. Together, the essays consider sixty years of Mariano’s career,  既体现了他对古巴象征主义传统形式的根基,也体现了他超越古巴的独特风格.

由麦克马伦博物馆与Fundación Mariano Rodríguez合作组织, 该展览将于2022-23年在Pérez迈阿密艺术博物馆展出. Major support has been provided by Boston College, the McMullen’s Latin American Art Initiative, and the Patrons of the McMullen Museum.

“For several years, 麦克马伦艺术博物馆(McMullen Museum of Art)一直走在美国公众与拉美当代重要大师的融合前沿,” according to Dolores and Alejandro Rodríguez.

“Through a series of important exhibitions, 麦克马伦美术馆让亚盈体育看到了二十世纪欧洲大陆视觉艺术的十字路口的存在, 为世界艺术史提供了必要的坐标. 对于每个参与研究和记忆Mariano Rodríguez作品的人来说,能够在这样一个值得尊敬的学术背景下展示他近60年的艺术生涯是一种荣誉.”

随附的目录深入探讨了马里亚诺非凡的职业生涯. 展览中每件作品的彩色图像和Fundación Mariano Rodríguez的档案照片, 这本书探讨了马里亚诺如何探索主题的变化,这些主题在他的一生中重新出现和发展..

For information about the accompanying catalog, 以及与展览相关的虚拟和个人编程和活动, visiting hours, and more, visit the McMullen Museum of Art website.

Rosanne Pellegrini | University Communications | September 2021